‘I think these are Jews’


By Mark Washburn - mwashburn@charlotteobserver.com



Jesse Oxendine could still fit into his 1945 Army jacket when he was the subject of a Charlotte Observer feature in 2007. Oxendine, holding his Amry duffel bag that he kept, was 18 and an Army private who helped liberate Wobbelin concentration camp.


Photo Courtesy of John D. Simmons, The Charlotte Observer

Jesse Oxendine, a retired Charlotte pharmicist, helped liberate a Nazi concentration camp in Germany. Oxendine died recently at age 90.


Photo Courtesy of John D. Simmons, The Charlotte Observer

The entrance to Wobbelin concentration camp near Ludwigslust, Germany, which Jesse Oxendine helped liberate on on May 2, 1945.


Photos of Wobbelin are courtesy of The National Archives

Jesse Oxendine said no one was prepared for what they saw when they arrived at the concentration camp.


Photos of Wobbelin are courtesy of The National Archives

Jesse Oxendine’s unit found Jewish prisoners dead and dying at the Wobbelin concentration camp.


Photos of Wobbelin are courtesy of The National Archives

The following is republished with the permission of the Charlotte Observer. Jesse Oxendine, a Robeson County native and key person in the history of The University of North Carolina, died recently at age 90 — editor’s note.

CHARLOTTE — He was only 18 when he came face to face with the stark horror of the Holocaust, and he spent the last decades of his life sharing the ghastly details so what happened wouldn’t be forgotten when his generation faded.

“There were ones too weak to come out even when they heard the Allies were in the camp,” Jesse Oxendine recalled of the day in May 1945 when his unit liberated a concentration camp. “One fellow was sitting there. I tapped him on the shoulder, and he fell over. He’d died with his eyes open.”

A funeral service was held on Tuesday for Oxendine, who died Feb. 10 at age 90.

Oxendine, a Lumbee Indian, grew up in Pembroke and became the first American Indian pharmacist licensed in North Carolina. He opened Kings Drug on Eastway Drive in Charlotte in 1957 and later added a branch on Fairview Drive.

One day Oxendine had to go to a lawyer’s office for some legal papers, his son Mark Oxendine recalled Monday, and when he got them, he asked what he owed. No charge, he was told.

“Mr. Oxendine, you don’t remember me,” the attorney said, “but when I was a kid, you told us to get good grades and then to bring you our report cards. You gave us free milkshakes.”

“That story,” Mark Oxendine said, “just epitomizes my dad.”

Oxendine was drafted into the Army after high school in 1944 and assigned to the 82nd Airborne Division in Europe.

On May 2, 1945, on its way to Berlin, his unit came upon a fenced camp near Ludwigslust, Germany. No one was prepared for what they found there.

“It’s amazing how people look alike once they lose flesh on their skulls and bodies,” Oxendine told the Observer in an interview. “They had on this pajama-looking clothing with stripes. I thought maybe it was an insane asylum, but then I saw the dead bodies. …

“Then one of the boys said, ‘I think these are Jews.’ Growing up in Pembroke, the only Jews I knew were the Weinsteins in Lumberton; my family traded with them.

“I didn’t know there was such hatred and resentment toward Jews.”

At its height, the Wobbelin concentration camp held 5,000 captives. Oxendine found bodies stacked up in a barracks, left behind by the fleeing Germans. An Army general ordered the people of Ludwigslust to come to the camp to view the carnage, then made them bury hundreds of the bodies in the town square.

“He made sure nobody would forget,” said Oxendine. “Long after we are gone, the world can’t forget that this took place.”

Captured German soldiers, the townspeople and Oxendine’s unit were ordered to attend a memorial service. Oxendine’s chaplain delivered the eulogy, and he directed it to the townspeople, who denied they knew what went on in the camp:

“Within four miles of your comfortable homes, 4,000 men were forced to live like animals, deprived even of the food you would give to your dogs. In three weeks 1,000 of these men were starved to death; 800 of them were buried in pits in the nearby woods,” he said.

“These 200 who lie before us in these graves were found piled four and five feet high in one building and lying with the sick and dying in other buildings.”

For the last three decades, Oxendine had joined with his friend Henry Hirschmann, a Holocaust survivor from Charlotte, to lecture to thousands in high schools, civic groups, museums and churches about the Holocaust.

Oxendine continued to attend reunions of the 82nd Airborne, which at one time attracted hundreds. Their last one was in 2010, when Oxendine was one of only 11 healthy enough to still make it.

Oxendine was an Eagle Scout at age 16, a charter member of Providence Baptist Church and served on the board of trustees for his alma mater, Pembroke State University. He was the quarterback of the what is now The University of North Carolina at Pembroke’s first football team, and a driving force behind the resurrection of its football team.

Jesse Oxendine could still fit into his 1945 Army jacket when he was the subject of a Charlotte Observer feature in 2007. Oxendine, holding his Amry duffel bag that he kept, was 18 and an Army private who helped liberate Wobbelin concentration camp.
http://www.redspringscitizen.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/web1_Jesse-Oxendine2.jpgJesse Oxendine could still fit into his 1945 Army jacket when he was the subject of a Charlotte Observer feature in 2007. Oxendine, holding his Amry duffel bag that he kept, was 18 and an Army private who helped liberate Wobbelin concentration camp. Photo Courtesy of John D. Simmons, The Charlotte Observer

Jesse Oxendine, a retired Charlotte pharmicist, helped liberate a Nazi concentration camp in Germany. Oxendine died recently at age 90.
http://www.redspringscitizen.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/web1_Jesse-Oxendine3.jpgJesse Oxendine, a retired Charlotte pharmicist, helped liberate a Nazi concentration camp in Germany. Oxendine died recently at age 90. Photo Courtesy of John D. Simmons, The Charlotte Observer

The entrance to Wobbelin concentration camp near Ludwigslust, Germany, which Jesse Oxendine helped liberate on on May 2, 1945.
http://www.redspringscitizen.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/web1_Wobbelin1.jpgThe entrance to Wobbelin concentration camp near Ludwigslust, Germany, which Jesse Oxendine helped liberate on on May 2, 1945. Photos of Wobbelin are courtesy of The National Archives

Jesse Oxendine said no one was prepared for what they saw when they arrived at the concentration camp.
http://www.redspringscitizen.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/web1_Wobbelin2.jpgJesse Oxendine said no one was prepared for what they saw when they arrived at the concentration camp. Photos of Wobbelin are courtesy of The National Archives

Jesse Oxendine’s unit found Jewish prisoners dead and dying at the Wobbelin concentration camp.
http://www.redspringscitizen.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/web1_Wobbelin4.jpgJesse Oxendine’s unit found Jewish prisoners dead and dying at the Wobbelin concentration camp. Photos of Wobbelin are courtesy of The National Archives

By Mark Washburn

mwashburn@charlotteobserver.com

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